Saturday, February 28, 2009

3 Datuk Minang religious broadcasting to Bugis

While many already know, that there are three people who came from the progenitor Minangkabau that - most do not come from the land of Sumatra, which Islamize areas kingdom in South Sulawesi in the 16 th century, namely:

1. Khatib Tunggal Datuk Makmur , or popular among the people of South Sulawesi by the name of Datuk Ribandang.

2. Khatib Sulung Datuk Sulaiman known Datuk Datuk Sulaiman Patimang.


3. Syekh Nurdin Ariyani known by the name of Datuk RiTiro. However, the author believes there are many young people who have not Minang get information about the services of three progenitor Minangkabau, who spread the Islamic religion in South Sulawesi.

From various sources, I crave the subject three people called the progenitor of a Minangkabau-and tongue-tied in the previous author hearts - do this three progenitor - entry in the history of the Minangkabau? What and how they struggle and progress in the spread of Islamic religion in the South Sulawesi this? Next I tried to conclude this as follows:

1. Tallo and Goa region:

Around the beginning of the century 17 ka, this third person progenitor Islamize King Tallo, on Friday 14 Jumadil Start or 22 September 1605, and subsequent XIV King of Gowa, who finally called Sultan Alauddin. "Kingdom of the kingdom of Gowa and Tallo is a twin kingdom which can not be separated one with the other. Even Mangkubumi (Prime Minister) is also the kingdom of Gowa King Tallo. Raja Tallo XV, Malingkaan Daeng Manynyonri is the first in South Sulawesi who embrace Islam through a theologian from West Sumatra coast, Datuk Makmur Tunggal preacher, or popular among the people of South Sulawesi by the name of Datuk Ribandang. Therefore also often called the kingdom Tallo-called or termed as the first door of Islam in this region or in the "Tallo Timunganga Ri."

King of Gowa and officially announced that the official religion throughout the kingdom of Gowa and subordinates is the religion of Islam. Before the entry of Islam in South Sulawesi, people still profess belief in animism. Dikisahkan in history that originally Datuk Ribandang friends with their own views of the people by doing the kingdom Tallo prayer Asyar the beach Tallo. Because the first time that people see the prayer, they spontaneously roll towards the palace Tallo kingdom to convey to the King about what they saw. Tallo then accompanied the king and the people of the kingdom to the Datuk Ribandang and his friends to do the prayer.

So are view Datuk Ribandang prayer, King of Tallo and the people at the same time rant mention "Makkasaraki prophet sallalahu" means tangible real prophet sallallahu. This is one version of the naming, that speech came from 'Makkasaraki', which means that the rough / concrete.

There are several versions about the origin than the version he named it. Datuk Ribandang own and live in the spread of Islam in Gowa, Takalar, Jeneponto, Bantaeng, and died in Tallo. Meanwhile, two friends, each Datuk Patimang original name of the first-born preacher Datuk Sulaiman, spread of Islam in the region Suppa, Soppeng, Wajo and Luwu, and died and buried in Luwu. Are Datuk RiTiro or original sheik Nurdin Ariyani work in some places covers Bantaeng, Tanete, Bulukumba. He died, and in the makamkan in Tiro or Bontotiro now.

With the coming of the Dutch colonial, the entire defense fortresses in the kingdom of Gowa destroyed fortress Somba Opu except that is for the kingdom of Gowa and Ujungpandang fort (Fort Rotterdam) to the Dutch colonial government, the kingdom of bunker Tallo also destroyed. Crushing defense fortresses kingdom of Gowa-Tallo the appropriate agreement Bungaya, 18 November 1667, the year is also the triumph setbacks Gowa-Tallo kingdom at that time.

2. Makassar - Bulukumba - Luwu;

A touch of religious teachings brought by the Islamic scholars that most of Sumatra, is also found in the southern part of South Sulawesi is another, namely Bulukumba District, which is based on the strength of local religious and bernafaskan ". each brought by 3 people Datuk; title Dato 'Tiro (Bulukumba), Dato Ribandang (Makassar), and Dato Patimang (Luwu),

3. Meanwhile, in the history of Islam and Luwu Palopo, explaining that approximately at the end of the century XV M and approximately in the year 1013 H, Islam entered the Luwu didaerah under a pious Ulama who arief ketatanegaraannya namely Datuk Sulaeman Minangkabau origin.

At that time Luwu be governed by a King named Etenrieawe. When Datuk Sulaeman the religious teachings of Islam in this region, almost all religious communities Luwu receive it. When the kingdom was under the auspices of Government of the King Patiarase title with Sultan Abdullah (brother kandungnya called Patiaraja Somba Opu with a degree) as the successor of King Etenriawe, and Datuk in developing Islamic Mission, assisted by two expert scholars fiqih namely Datuk Ribandang who died in Gowa, and Datuk Tiro who died in Kajang Bulukumba. Sulaeman and Datuk died in Pattimang District Malangke, _ + 60 km north of city departments through Palopo sea.

Datuk Sulaeman that comes from the Minangkabau is then known by the name of Datuk Patimang, because he died and dimakamkan in Pattiman.

4. No less a tale of mengkisahkan that Al Maulana Khatib Bungsu (Dato Tiro) along with a second friend (and Patimang Datuk Datuk Ribandang) landed at the port of Para-para. Arriving in the land, it was directly towards the nearest village to notify his arrival to the head of the country. However, in the journey toward the home country, Dato Tiro feel thirsty, and he also wanted to find water along the coast, but there is not a sweet-water wells. Dato Tiro menghujamkan tongkatnya in one of the stones on the seaside Limbua while mengucap the confession "Asyhadu Ala Ilahaillallah wa Ashadu Anna Muhammadarrasulullah", after the strange tongkatnya revoked, out of water gush from the mouth hole in the stone. Shower water is very large and does not flow continuously, so eventually form a pool air.Penduduk the sea and then take advantage of this water for daily living. Until this spring was never dry and many people visited.

5. The author has not found information about the Ranah Minang whomever identity progenitor these three people suspected of originating from the Minangkabau. Whether it comes from upbringing and santri from Ranah Minang?.

In fact from Source; http://www.seasite.niu.edu/Indonesian/Islam/Giri.htm, obtained information that the santri boarding Sunan Giri - in addition - known as a persistent carrier of Islam in Java and to various islands, such as Bawean, Kangean, Madura, Haruku, Ternate, and Nusa Tenggara, the fact this santri Sunan Giri - also spread the religion of Islam to South Sulawesi. They are Datuk Ribandang and two friend. They Sunan Giri is a disciple of that came from Minangkabau.
6. Indeed, before the coming three to progenitor Bugis this land, there has been some Islamic missionary than three progenitor of the Minangkabau, the Sayyid Jamaluddin al-husayni al akbari is a grandfather of Walisongo. This means that Islam has come to Bugis land, at the time of arrival of the progenitor '(riBandang Datuk, Datuk Datuk riTiro and riPatimang). However, acceptance of Islam in the kingdom of Bugis-Makassar kingdoms in the year 1598 (Gowa and Luwu), followed Ajatappareng (Sidenreng, Rappang, Sawitto) in the year 1605, Soppeng (1607), Wajo (1609), and Bone (1611) is owing to the business Datuk riBandang third of this. He Islamize Karaeng Matoaya Mangkubumi which is the kingdom of Makassar. Datuk Patimang (Datuk Sulaiman) Islamize Daeng Parabbung Datu Datuk riTiro Luwu and choose based on Bulukumba which is the border of Bone and Gowa Syiar to Islam.

Islamnya Gowa is simbolitas Luwu and military power is a central myth Bugis Makassar. With pengislaman two kingdoms of this then there is no reason to reject Islam for the people.

Islamization is to make the structure as a basis Syariat countries. ADE has been there before ', RAPANG, WARI, BICARA. Acceptance of Islam as the official religion of the kingdom made the Syariat the fifth runway SARA 'is consequently made his kingdom a new structural QADHI namely, Bilal, KATTE', as the device DOJA Syiar kerakyat Islam.
7. Question we are now. What causes this three progenitor visit kingdoms in South Sulawesi is to spread the Islamic religion?

a. Allegations as the first community in the region that still embrace animism as the grains have been described in 1 above, so that the king Tallo and Goa is the first king of confessional islam.

b. There is competition between Christianity and Islam more virulent in South Sulawesi at the beginning of the century to the 16. Competition between Islam and Christianity in the Makassar Strait is caused by the king himself who can not choose between these two religions. They ask Abdul Makmur (Dato 'large ri) to come pay a visit with the two friends namely Solomon (Dato' ri Pa'timang) and Abdul-Jawad (Dato 'ri Tiro). Islam then spread throughout the South Sulawesi on the service of a third three-pendakwah this. In the world Bugis to Century 16 has been in ramaikan by various commodity trading. Export South Sulawesi when it is rice, which is exported to Malacca, which is already occupied Portugal.

In the year 1607, the Sultan of Johor feud with Portuguese exports to try prevent this. Agricultural products are coconut, fruits and vegetables. Type of farming is buffaloes, goats, chickens and ducks. While the results are taken from the South and the area around it that is exported, among others, sandalwood (from Kaili and Palu), sapan wood (from Sumba), aguila wood, resin, etc. No lag textiles made in South Sulawesi quite popular in the 16 th century. In the year 1544 - white - known as "cotton cloth," sold at the price 200 rial. This proves that South Sulawesi is also entering the international trading system and use the foreign currency (Portuguese). Rial become one of the major currencies, the previous system where the currency exchange has not been done this way.

Did You Know?, At that time before the system of exchange, is a buffalo exchange and may serve as the main guide. That is sad and again, there is also a new export commodity which is a slave. Most of the slaves that is the prisoner of war that everyone knows that, including children and women who come from Bugis thralled. Price may be a slave in 1000 reached rial ..! that when a bid is a quite interesting for the Portuguese. Slave trade in the first place got the 15 th century, caused by demand from outside. In line with the world dihapuskannya slave trade, foreign nations who enter kewilayah South divert attention on the Gold. Gold mining in the Toraja and Luwu pergunungan '. In addition Mineral-mineral that is exported iron (from Luwu 'and Banggai), kuprum and plumbum. What happens on the condition of the South occupied by foreign influences - Portuguese, Spanish, if not three people progenitor came from the land of Minangkabau in Sumatra to visit South Sulawesi at the end of the century was 16.

Portuguese and Spanish nation is a nation that is very concerned for meraup produce on the island of Celebes and the Moluccas. Step further is what intitusi in Minang Ranah that conducts research on gait Datuk Three People for the spread of this religion of Islam. In the four centuries before now, they have fought for the Islamic religion which is the foundation for the basic characteristics Minangkabau people. Attitude in how we memposisi three progenitor in Minangkabau history?

Source:

1. http://bulukumba.bappenas.go.id
2. http://www.bulukumbakab.go.id/?id=67
3. http://palopo.pta-makassarkota.go.id/
4. http://www.selayaronline.com
5. http://:www.gatra.com 6. http://melayuonline.com
nb. i try too translate the original artikel to English..from www.bundokandung.wordpress.com
Thanks alot for u bundokanduang

38 comments:

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Asnawin said...

Tulisannya bagus, mohon izin saya muat ulang secara utuh di blog kabupatenbulukumba.blogspot.com, trims.

Wassalam
Asnawin

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